Today, it is impossible to find someone who doesn't own a smartphone or is not connected to the Internet.

And, with the tremendous growth in mobile internet usage comes the responsibility of creating websites that fit every possible screen resolution. This is where Responsive web design comes into the picture, the knight in shining armor for every web designer with a client asking for a website for a gazillion different screen resolutions.

Since websites are no longer accessed only through computers, companies need to focus on showcasing responsive web designs. In this blog, we will share a tutorial on creating a responsive web design in CSS. But first, let us discuss some basic concepts.

What is a Responsive Web Design?

Websites are viewed on a variety of devices today, each with a different size of display. A responsive web design is an approach to web design that helps to display web pages on a variety of displays, windows or screen sizes. 

What is CSS?

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. It is a style sheet language that is used to describe the presentation of a document or a page written in markup or coding language such as HTML.

CSS describes how HTML elements will be displayed on a screen, paper, or other media.

Why create a responsive web design in CSS?

  • 94% of people judge a website based on its responsiveness.
  • Google prioritizes responsive designs.
  • 50% of the total eCommerce revenue comes from cell phones.
  • 72% of consumers prefer mobile-friendly websites.

There are more of these stats and facts that shout out the importance of getting a responsive web design.
Now, since responsive web designs only use HTML and CSS, designers must create them.

In fact, it is called a responsive web design when you use CSS and HTML to shrink, hide, resize, enlarge, or move the contact to make it look good on various screens.

Now that we are thorough with the basics, let's jump into the real topic.

How to create a Responsive Web Design in CSS?

Let us begin by saying that designing a website is no child's play and requires a substantial amount of skill and expertise. Designers spend years learning this art, and we can barely cover all of the knowledge in one blog.

A plethora of software lets you do it yourself; however, you still need to spend some significant time on it even then.

However, we were able to come up with a comprehensive 3 step process that you can employ while creating a responsive web design using CSS as the markup language. Let's get started.

Step 1: The Layout

Our first tip regarding the responsive web design technique is to take one step at a time. 

When creating a responsive web design from scratch or redesigning an existing page for responsive design, the first thing to focus on is the layout.

Up to 38% of consumers will stop engaging with a website if the content layout is unattractive. So, it is the first element to take care of while designing.

You can always start with creating a non-responsive layout design as per the default size. Once you are content with the layout on the non-responsive page, you can add media queries and make the required alterations to the code to make the design responsive. 

After you are done with the non-responsive website, paste the following lines within the <head> and </head> tags of your HTML page.

What does it do? It sets the view on all screens at a 1 x 1 aspect ratio and removes the default feature on smartphone browsers that displays websites in full size, and allows users to zoom into the layout by pinching. 

At this stage, you will add the media queries. Since they depend on the respective website's layout, we cannot provide you with ready-made codes. However, you can consider the following image for reference.

Here, #primary is the main content area, and #secondary is the sidebar.

Using css html to make responsive website 1

Source: dzone

You can adapt and customize this code as per your requirements.

Step 2: Medias

Now that you are done with your layout, we get into another vital part of a website design: adding media, such as videos and images.

We are sharing a simple CSS code that works on almost all websites. This code will make sure that your images are never bigger than their parent container. In other words, they will adjust themselves to the device size it is displayed on. Enter this code into your CSS stylesheet, and that's all.

image max width

Source: dzone

Now, let's get into another popular type of media for modern websites, videos. Most websites today are embedding videos from social media platforms or third-party sites. These channels include YouTube, Vimeo, etc. The code we are going to share will allow you to make these embedded videos responsive.

The HTML code:

html code for adding media

Source: dzone

The CSS code: 

css code for adding media

Source: dzone

Step 3: Typography

Typography is another intricate part of web designing that often gets ignored by designers. We recommend a focused approach to this module as well. 

Now, when we get into typography, there are certain changes that we need to adapt while shifting from a non-responsive to a responsive website. Previously, designers used pixels to define font sizes. Pixel works perfectly when using a fixed-width size.

However, a responsive website needs a responsive font or a responsive web design template, which is also related to its parent container, so it can adjust to the viewer's screen.

The CSS3  introduced a new unit called rems. They are identical to the em unit in terms of functionality but are connected to the HTML element. This makes Rems a lot more user-friendly than ems.

Pro Tip: Don't forget to reset the HTML font size. 

change font size

Source: dzone

Now you can define responsive font dimensions as depicted below:

Lastly, we recommend you to implement a fallback, as the rem unit is not recognized by older browsers. 

Wrapping up

While running a business, the best reward you can get is customer satisfaction. The biggest brands and industry leaders have raised their product quality, improved their customer service, and fastened their delivery to achieve the holy grail of sales that only comes from customer loyalty and word of mouth.

Over the last few years, businesses have transitioned into digital platforms with the popularity of online channels. Now, they use websites as their one-stop access points, where consumers can learn about their products shop and share their opinions and seek assistance if required.

But what happens when their experience on your website gets hampered by challenging-to-use and unattractive web designs? They leave the website and barely come back.

Besides, there is nothing more satisfying about having something tailor-made for your requirements, right? That's exactly what the visitors on your landing page should feel, no matter what device they are using to access it. An appealing design and a beautiful layout can do a lot more good than you can estimate.

So, without any ado, hire a responsive web design company to build your website from scratchContact us for any assistance regarding responsive web design.

Frequently Asked Questions

Responsive web design in CSS is an approach that allows web pages to adapt and look good on various screen sizes and devices, such as desktops, tablets, and smartphones, by using flexible layouts and media queries to adjust styling and content presentation accordingly.

The three essential things required for responsive web design are:

  1. Flexible Grid Layout: Using relative units like percentages or CSS Grid to create adaptable page layouts.
  2. Media Queries: Employing CSS media queries to apply styles based on the user's device or screen size.
  3. Fluid Images and Media: Ensuring images and media elements scale proportionally to fit different screen sizes.

Popular CSS frameworks like Bootstrap typically use the following breakpoints for responsive design:

  • Extra small (xs): <576px
  • Small (sm): ≥576px
  • Medium (md): ≥768px
  • Large (lg): ≥992px
  • Extra large (xl): ≥1200px

These breakpoints help designers and developers create responsive layouts for different screen sizes and devices.

Responsive web design is used to make sure that websites adapt and display correctly on various devices and screen sizes, providing a better user experience and reaching a broader audience without the need for separate designs or apps.